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UMF 23-32


UMF 23-32UMF 23-32


In the 1950ies, the UMF had the problem, that their standard caliber, the UMF M54 / Thiel Start, was not really up to date any more and with a diameter of 12 1/2 lignes it was too big for being used in ladies' watches. So, a new movement had to be constructed - the UMF 23.

It was planned, that this movement powers a calibre series with different qualities and functions, even with a selfwinding mechanism. But in fact, only four different types were made, which only differed by the number of bearing rubies for the balance, the construction and bearing of the lever and different seconds indications (center second or decentral sevond).

The UMF 23-32 shown here is the ruby-less variant with center second.

It was only built for a short period, from 1961 till 1963 and was superseded by the famous UMF 24, which was easier and cost efficient to produce.

base platebase plate

The UMF 23 has got a mainspring barrel, which is open on one side. The base plate fully reminds of a conventional pin lever movement.

gear traingear train

It has got the classical gear train with (potential) center second at 6 o'clock and directly driven center minute wheel.

The UMF 23-32 uses an indirectly driven center second. The minute wheel is beared by a bent down tab of the bridge, on top there's the center seconds wheel, which is supported by a spring and so prevented from flapping.

Since the successor, the UMF 24, uses a completely different solution, it is likely, that this crude solution was too expensive or too difficult for mass production.

side view of the gear trainside view of the gear train

The non shock protected anular balance of this pretty high building movement beats with 18000 A/h and controls a conventional pin lever movement.

UMF 23-32 dial sideUMF 23-32 dial side

Next to the rocking bar winding mechanism, you can see on the dial side the interesting mounting for the ratchet wheel, which is only plugged onto the the mainspring barrel wheel and secured by a flat with two screws. The ratchet is an elaborate construction.

At 9 o'clock there's the balance wheel bearing, which can be adjusted in height. On pin lever movements with a pointed staff, this is the usual way to adjust the bearing.


 Technical data

Number of jewels0
Escapementpin lever
Shock protection(s)none
Balance cock directionclockwise
Hairspring studfixed
Regulator typeHairspring key
Movement constructionFork
Escapement wheel, Fourth wheel, Third wheel, Center wheel, Mainspring barrel
Center second pinion
Construction typepillar construction
Winding mechanismRocking bar
Setting lever spring2 holes
FunctionsHour, minute, second
Beats per hour18000
Size101/2''' (measured: 23,6 mm)
Production time1961 - 1963
Image in Flume Werksucher K3 66
Inventory ID 16008
UMF 23-32UMFUMF23-321961 - 196310 1/2'''UMF 23-320 Jewels, 10 1/2''', 18000 A/h, SCI



In the lab

Unfortunately, the specimen shown here is incomplete, parts of the winding mechanism are missing and the hairspring is broken, too. Because of that, no timegrapher measurings were made.



This movement was kindly donated by Günter G. Thank you very much for the support of the movement archive!