Kienzle 057/21d

Kienzle 057/21d | - The Movement Archive

Kienzle 057/21d


The Kienzle caliber 057/21d, the so-called Volksautomatik, which was launched in the mid fifties, was the only inhouse selfwinding movement of the german watch factory, located in Schwenningen.

Video on YouTube

Unlike the handwound watches by Kienzle, the Volksautomatik cost with 65.- DM twice as much, what is the reason, why it is relatively rare and already put out of production in 1963.

Kienzle 057/21d: movement view without oscillating weight

movement view without oscillating weight

The caliber 057/21d is a real inhouse construction, which had a better quality, than the handwound movements.

Kienzle 057/21d: Rotor


The oscillating weight is axle-beared and contains a lead circlet.

Kienzle 057/21d: selfwinding mechanism, top

selfwinding mechanism, top

The selfwinding mechanism can be released as a unit from the movement by removing three screws.

Kienzle 057/21d: selfwinding mechanism, inside

selfwinding mechanism, inside

The flying beared changing wheel, which is driven by the oscillating weight, drives in both directions one of the two wheels and realizes the bidirectional winding. The disadvantage of this solution is, that it has got a rather long empty running way, so when the oscillating weight changed its direction, it spins freely quite a long time.

Kienzle 057/21d: selfwinding mechanism

selfwinding mechanism

The upper ratchet wheel is exclusively driven by the selfwinding mechanism with the help of a reduction wheel.

Kienzle 057/21d: click of selfwinding mechanism

click of selfwinding mechanism

The click on the leftmost driving wheel avoids unwanted running down.

Kienzle 057/21d: selfwinding mechanism, below

selfwinding mechanism, below

With the exception of the flying beared wheel, all other gears are located in ruby bearings.

Kienzle 057/21d: Werk ohne Automaticmechanismus

Werk ohne Automaticmechanismus

A coupling, which is simple and genious the same time is used for the upper ratched wheel: Not the ratchet wheel, but only the barrel axle with its connected slide coupling in attached to the barrel arbour. When manually wound, it decouples the selfwinding system; when wound by the oscillating weight, it connects.

Kienzle 057/21d: gears and trains

gears and trains

As you can see, the wheel mechanism of the Kienzle 057/21d bases on the caliber 48.

Kienzle 057/21d: gears and trains, side view

gears and trains, side view

The time mechanism consists of: Mainspring - minute wheel - third wheel - fourth wheel (decentral second ) - escapement wheel.

Kienzle 057/21d: escapement


The Kienzle 057/21d uses a ruby pin-lever, which is developed inhouse. It’s a good compromise between the expensive and sophisticated swiss pallet lever and the cheap, but unprecise pin lever with metal pins.

Kienzle 057/21d: escapement lever

escapement lever

The pins have got the shape of half of an cylinder, of the escapement wheel teeth match perfectly.

According to Kienzle, this type of escapement shall be equivalent to a swiss pallet lever excapement.

Kienzle 057/21d: main plate

main plate

Of couse, on this movement, all bearings contain rubies; the ring balance is secured by two inhouse shock protections, where the protection on the dial side only offers protection against frontal shocks and not against side shocks.

The mainspring barrel with its towing spring can be released as a whole by pulling a spring at “12”.

Kienzle 057/21d: Kienzle 057/21d dial side

Kienzle 057/21d dial side

On the dial side, you can see the rocking bar winding mechanism and the click mechanism. It is a well made construction.

Kienzle 057/21d: screwable dial foot

screwable dial foot

A very odd detail are the dial feet, which are held by screws(!) on the movement plate.

Timegrapher result

The specimen tested here came into the lab without case. It got a full service, but the oiling of the escapement pins was non trivial and maybe not optimal done, too. The timing results are quite OK, especially for a pin lever movement. Probably due to the problematic oiling of the release pin, they are worse than they have to be.
crown right (12 up)

crown right (12 up)

crown up (3 up)

crown up (3 up)

crown left (6 up)

crown left (6 up)

crown down (9 up)

crown down (9 up)

dial up

dial up

dial down

dial down

Technical data

Size:12 3/4''' (measured: 29,6mm)
Number of jewels:21
Escapement:Pin lever
Balance types: Nickel anular balance
Shock protection(s): Kienzle
Balance bearing / direction hairspring:Clockwise
Moveable stud:no
Adjust mechanism:Long regulator arm
  • lever
  • escape wheel, seconds wheel, third wheel, center minute wheel, mainspring barrel
Construction type:pillar construction
Winding mechanism:rocking bar winding system
Setting lever spring:2 hole(s)
  • s (decentral seconds)
  • AUT (selfwinding)
Production period:1956-1963
Mentioning in literature (years): 1960

Usage gallery

Kienzle 057/21d: Kienzle gents watch  (dial only)

Kienzle gents watch (dial only)