ETA 2390

ETA 2390 | - The Movement Archive

ETA 2390


In 1954, the swiss ETA launched a completely new and modern constructed series of windup and selfwinding movements, whose base caliber is the ETA 2390 with a diameter of 10 1/2 lignes. For the first time, its gear train lacks the center minute wheel to reduce the clearance of the minute hands, which was caused by the low-numbered toothing of a central minute wheel. This mechanism, called “System ETA”, invented by Heinrich Stamm was also patented under the swiss patent number CH297900A.

Another nice effect is, that more space was available for the mainspring barrel and the balance wheel.

ETA 2390: version with glucydur screw balance

version with glucydur screw balance

As ususal that time, it was available in different versions. Depending on how much the customer was willing to pay, there were different types of balances, different shock protections and different numbers of (cap) jewels.

ETA 2390: base plate

base plate

The base plate not only shows the good quality of the movement - all important bearings use rubies, but also that the gear train was constructed in a very modern way with the lack of a directly driven center minute wheel.

ETA 2390: gear train

gear train

The mainspring barrel drives the large driving wheel, followd by third wheel, direcly driven center seconds wheel and finally the steel escape wheel.

ETA 2390: side view of the gear train

side view of the gear train

The large driving wheel must use a large axle and a stable pinion, since the full force of the mainspring barrel acts on it.

The minute and hour hands are both driven on the dial side by the third wheel.

ETA 2390: other side view

other side view

As regulating device, a screw balance (in later versions there were also screw-less anular balances) and a swiss pallet lever were used.

The balance wheel is of course shock protected and beats slowly with 18000 A/h.

The effective length of the fix mounted hairspring can be adjusted with a long regulator arm.

ETA 2390: ratchet


The ratchet, below the ratchet wheel, is a genious and space-saving construction, which is also visually pleasent.

ETA 2390: empty dial side

empty dial side

On the empty dial side you see, that the minute wheel is plugged onto the center axle and driven by the third wheel at 8 o’clock. This construction principle of ETA is used until today.

ETA 2390: minute wheel

minute wheel

The center minute wheel is with its other toothing engaged with the third wheel. Its cannon pinion in mounted on it with a skipping clutch. As usual, an exchange wheel followes, and finally the hour wheel.

ETA 2390: ETA 2390: Zifferblattseite

ETA 2390: Zifferblattseite

The fact, that the construction principle of this movement is used until today, practically unmodified, on the modern ETA automatics, shows, how revolutionary it was at that time.

Technical data

Size:10 1/2''' (measured: 23,2mm)
lift angle:52°
Number of jewels:17
Escapement:Pallet lever
Balance types: Glucydur screw balance (two legs)
Nickel screw balance (two legs)
Shock protection(s): Incabloc
Balance bearing / direction hairspring:Clockwise
Moveable stud:no
Adjust mechanism:Long regulator arm
  • lever
  • escape wheel, seconds wheel, third wheel, large driving wheel
  • mainspring barrel
Construction type:solid construction
Winding mechanism:yoke winding system
Setting lever spring:2 hole(s)
  • SCD (direct center seconds)
Production period:1954 - 1972
References: Flume: 1957 32
Mentioning in literature (years): 1963 - 1971
Inventory number:20039

Usage gallery

ETA 2390: Konnexa 42 gents watch

Konnexa 42 gents watch

ETA 2390: BWC gents watch

BWC gents watch